The use of this site is subject to the following terms and conditions.
Your access and/or use of this Web site implies acceptance of these terms and conditions from the date of your first use of the site.
Mlinda reserves the right to change these Terms at any time by posting changes online. Your continued use of this Web site after publication of amendments represents your acceptance of these modified terms and conditions. You are advised to consult these terms and conditions regularly.
The Mlinda logo is a registered trademark in France with the INPI and the international with WIPO.
This entire site is subject to French and international laws of copyright and intellectual property. Graphic designs, sound, photos, articles etc. are protected from the mere fact of their creation.Any unauthorised use or extraction of elements of the site is illegal and subject to criminal penalties related to counterfeit.
The authorised uses of the texts presented on this site are the following:
All other usage of the site, including reproduction on other sites, internet or intranet, assumes the agreement of the director of the publication.
Any exploitation, even in private, in whole or in part of the site assumes the agreement of the director of the publication.
Any breach of the copyright rules or the right of the databases is liable to criminal proceedings for counterfeiting, without prejudice to any claims for damages on the part of the holders of rights.
The publication or the use for commercial purposes of elements, in whole or in part, contained on the site is strictly prohibited without the permission of Mlinda. Nothing in these terms and conditions shall be construed as Mlinda granting a license to use any item displayed.
All images presented on this web site are subject to copyright. They cannot be duplicated or used without the written permission of the communication service of the association Mlinda.
The data generated by cookies regarding your use of the website (including your IP address) is transmitted and stored by Google on servers located in the United States. Google will use this information for the purpose of evaluating your use of the site, to compile reports on website activity to destination of his editor and provide other services relating to the activity of the site and to the use of the Internet.
Google is likely to communicate these data to third parties in the event of a legal obligation or when these third parties process these data for Google, including the editor of this site.
Mlinda authorises the establishment of a hyperlinks for internet sites, excluding those disseminating inflammatory information, pornography, xenophobia, or that may offend a broad number of people.
The link should lead to the home page of the site. The pages of the site www.mlinda.org must in no way be integrated inside the pages of another site.
The request to establishment a hyperlink from the website of the Mlinda must be made by mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
In all circumstances, Mlinda reserves the right to request the deletion of a link if it considers that the target site does not respect the rules thus defined.
Mlinda reserves the right to point to third party sites. Access to these links are not under Mlinda’s control, therefore Mlinda is not responsible for their content, the links they contain or any changes made to them.
We do our utmost to ensure users access accurate information. However, we do not guarantee the completeness of the content of the information and services offered on our site.
The information contained is non-contractual and subject to change without notice.
Despite all the care taken in the realisation of this site and its regular updates, errors may creep in the information and/or documents submitted. If you notice any inaccuracies please do not hesitate to let us know.
The Association Mlinda cannot be held responsible for the faulty transmission of data due to the various networks of the Internet or incompatibilities due to the user’s browser.
These terms and conditions are governed by French law. Any dispute will be subject to the non-exclusive jurisdiction of the French courts.
If the present Terms and Conditions are not accepted in their entirety, the use of the Web site should be stopped immediately.
In conformity with the law 2000-719 of 1 August 2000 on the freedom of communication, amending the act 86-1067 of 30 September 1986 on the freedom of communication, below is the legal information relating to Mlinda’s website.
Official Site: www.mlinda.org
26, rue de Richelieu
Tel: 33 1 77 32 16 53
Fax : 33 1 42 21 96 05
SIREN N°: 517 858 205
Director of the publication:
Editorial updates and site maintenance:
rsymington (at) mlinda.org
Tel 33 1 77 32 1653
Content Management System
www.gandi.net having its headquarters at:
63-65 boulevard Massena
Gandi Registered under number 423093459 RCS Paris
Tel: 33 1 70 37 76 61
Fax: 33 1 43 73 18 51
J.; Christie, D. A.; Elliott, A.; Fishpool, L. wholesale nba jerseys china D. C. 2014. HBW and BirdLife International Illustrated Checklist of the Birds of the World. Barcelona, Spain and Cambridge UK: Lynx Edicions and BirdLife International.43 cm. Large, green bird, dark green to paler green on the underparts with diagnostic (within its range) orange crest. In flight, shows bright crimson wing patches. Juvenile a duller version of adult. Voice Typical kow kow kow of green turacos but higher pitched and more rapid delivery. Song readily distinguished from Green Turaco T. persa by spacing between first note and rest of song. Hints Very secretive and difficult to see but has loud, distinctive call which can be heard for up to 1 km in hilly areas. It is only likely to survive if the Kilum Ijim forest, the largest remaining montane forest area in the Bamenda Highlands, is preserved (D. Thomas in litt. 1996). Research in 1994 1995 found the species in several remaining forest remnants in the Bamenda Highlands and seemingly able to survive in very small forest fragments (2) (McKay and Coulthard 1996). However, follow up surveys in 2000 found some of these forest fragments had almost completely disappeared, with T. bannermani either absent or with only a few pairs remaining (Njabo and Languy 2000). It can survive in degraded and secondary forest as long as sufficient tall, fruiting trees remain (Stuart 1986). At lower altitudes, it is replaced by its congener, the Green Turaco T. persa, which is found in more open forest or scrub (McKay 1994, McKay and Coulthard 1996). Following changes cheap jerseys to a major long term conservation project in 2004, it is reported that the threats of habitat loss and degradation at Kilum Ijim have increased (P. Forboseh in litt. 2007, R. Fotso in litt. 2007, Stewart 2009). Forest fires are responsible for the greatest proportion of habitat loss (P. Forboseh in litt. cheap nfl jerseys 2003), for example c.500 ha of forest burnt around Lake Oku in March 2000 (J. DeMarco in litt. 2000). It is also under serious threat from forest clearance for agriculture, grazing, firewood and timber, with birds surviving in forest fragments in imminent danger of extinction (McKay and Coulthard 1996), particularly due to their reluctance to cross open habitats (Njabo and Languy 2000). The species is hunted for its feathers, which are given as awards in local ceremonies (K. Stewart in litt. 2012).
Conservation Actions UnderwayCITES Appendix II. Local communities are actively engaged in conserving montane forest, with support from the Kilum Ijim Forest Project. However, there is now reportedly a lack of adequate conservation action taking place at Kilum Ijim, despite the presence of many forest management institutions around the forest (P. Forboseh in litt. 2007). Community based conservation activities were extended to other forest fragments in the Bamenda Highlands in 2000 (J. DeMarco in litt. 2000, P. Forboseh cheap nhl jerseys china in litt. 2003). Conservation Actions ProposedStudy ecological constraints to its survival including seasonal food requirements, size of forest patches, tolerance of habitat degradation (Forboseh and Ikfuingei 2001) and competition with T. persa (Dowsett Lemaire and Dowsett 1998c, J. DeMarco in litt. 2000). Conduct surveys to improve knowledge about the species’s population size. Take measures to prevent forest fires (F. Maisels in litt. 1998) and educate communities about the magnitude of the forest fire problem (F. Maisels in litt. 1998). Protect as many as possible of the remaining forest fragments in the Bamenda Highlands (J. DeMarco in litt. 2000). Develop strategies for restoring larger blocks of natural forest and connecting corridors (J. DeMarco in litt. 2000) and establish captive breeding populations to assist in the recolonization of areas and the supplementation of existing populations.
Related state of the world’s birds case studies
Feathers have always been used by humans as decoration and status symbols
Community management of forest on Mount Oku, Cameroon, has led to significant habitat regenerationCollar, N. J.; Butchart, S. H. M. 2013. Conservation breeding and avian diversity: chances and challenges. International Zoo Yearbook.
Collar, N. J.; Stuart, S. N. 1985. Threatened birds of Africa and related islands: the ICBP/IUCN Red Data Book.
Dowsett Lemaire, F.; Dowsett, R. J. 1998. Surveys of Oku Mt and other IBAs in NW Province (Cameroon), February March 1998.
Forboseh, P. F.; Ikfuingei, R. N. 2001. Estimating the population densities of Tauraco bannermani in the Kilum Ijim forest, northwestern Cameroon. Ostrich Supplement(15): 114 118.
McKay, C. R. 1994. Survey of Important Bird Areas for Bannerman’s Turaco Tauraco bannermani and Banded Wattle eye Platysteira latincincta in North west Cameroon, 1994.
McKay, C. R.; Coulthard, N. 1996. The Kilum Ijim Forests IBA in Cameroon: monitoring biodiversity using birds as indicators.
Njabo, Y. K.; Languy, M. 2000. Surveys of selected montane and submontane forests in the Bamenda Highlands in March 2000.
Stewart, K. 2009. Effects of bark harvest and other human activity on populations of the African cherry (Prunus africana) on Mount Oku, Cameroon. Forest and Management 258: 1121″1128.Articles Connexes：